Comparison of Different Silicon Carbide (OBSiC, SiSiC, SSiC, RSiC, NSiC)


Silicon carbide (SiC) is a exceedingly hard chemical synthetically produced crystalline compound containing silicon and carbon. It is one of the hardest known substances today, as it competes closely with substances like diamond and boron carbide.

Typical properties

  • Great mechanical strength and hardness
  • High thermal stability
  • Low thermal expansion
  • Very good thermal shock resistance
  • Variable electrical conductivity
  • Highly corrosion resistance
  • Good abrasion resistance

Applications in a wide range of industries:

  • Semiconductors in electronics for circuit elements.
  • As abrasives used of grinding wheels, cutting tools, sandpaper and cloth products, etc.
  • Used in Military Bulletproof Armor due to its hardness.
  • Wear parts, such as seals, bearings, and pump impellers.
  • Refractory application in the production of ceramics, steel, iron, nonferrous metals, chemicals, etc.
  • Aerospace components
  • Paper manufacturing
  • Pipe system

Silicon carbide ceramics differ depending on the manufacturing methods. They include OBSiC , SiSiC, SSiC, RSiC, NSiC. These ceramics have different porosities,densities and properties.

1. OBSiC (Oxide-Bonded Silica Carbide)

OSiC columns and kiln shelf

OBSiC is made by bonding silicon carbide (SiC) particles together with an oxide binder. The oxide binder is typically silica (SiO2).

Excellent high temperature resistance up to 1450℃.

OSiC is especially suitable for applications with high demands e.g.

  • Sintering of ceramics, magnetic materials, electrical ceramics etc.
  • Grinding wheel

2. SiSiC (Sintered Silicon Carbide)

SiSiC burner nozzles

Also named RBSiC (Reaction-Bonded Silicon Carbide)

SiSiC consists to 80 – 90% of SiC and correspondingly 10 – 20% of metallic silicon. There is no shrinkage during the sintering process because of the composite manufacturing process.

However, the application temperature is limited to approx. 1380 °C . It is not recommended for use in aggressive alkaline environments with a pH value greater than 10.

SiSiC is high suitable for the production of

  • Kiln furniture, such as shelves, beams, supports for ceramics, glass, metallurgy and other industries
  • Complex components of machine
  • Heating elements
  • Components for energy industry
  • Mechanical seals for pumps, compressors and other rotating equipment
  • Semiconductor and electronics
  • Mining and material handling
  • Bulletproof armor in military

3. SSiC (Sintered Silicon Carbide)

SSiC sealing rings

SSiC is processed by pressureless sintering. It is made from SiC finest powder plus sinter additives, and is sintered at 2000 to 2200°C.

In contrast to SiSiC, the SSiC parts may be recommended for use in virtually any aggressive media with pH ranging from 0 to 14.

SSiC is suitable for application e.g.

  • Slide bearings
  • Face seals for different types of oil/gas and chemical pumps, chemical pumps and valving.
  • Wear parts of processing equipment , like nozzles, dies, etc.

4. RSiC (Recrystallized Silicon Carbide)

RSiC square kiln shelf

RSiC is a high-purity material (SiC>99.5%) sintered by using evaporation-condensation without additives in vacuum furnace. It can be cast of extruded into a wide range of flat and elongated shapes, such as plates, beams, tubes and saggers.

RSiC’s unique microstructure gives it even better properties compared to other SiC materials. Its key feature is very high temperature. Max. Working temperature up to 1650℃.

Mainly application:

  • Kiln furniture for technical ceramics, metallurgy etc.
  • Like Alumina industrial ceramic, Zirconia fine ceramics, etc.

5. NSiC (Nitride-Bonded Silicon Carbide)

NSiC fish cranks

NSiC is  produced through nitridation, where a composite 70-80% SiC  powder and a nitrogen-containing of 20-30% Si3N4, is heated to high temperatures in a nitrogen-rich atmosphere.

Max. Working temperature is 1450℃. With superior thermal shock resistance, high temperature strength and wear resistance, excellent resistance of molten metal under high temperature.

NSiC products application:

  • As kiln furniture for ceramics, glass and other industries. Such as plates, beams, supports
  • Used in the production of metal casting components, like ladles, crucibles, saggers
  • Wear-resistant components in metallurgy, mining, chemical processing, e.g. nozzles, liners, plates
  • Thermocouple protection tubes
  • Burner components


Silicon carbide ceramics have several manufacturing methods.

And they are applied to various industries. If you have any questions about choosing which type of SiC ceramics for your application, please contact us for further recommendation. Firller will provides quality SiC ceramics obtained from different materials.

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